One of the reasons that some business owners do not have a business bank account is because they do not know how to open business bank account. It is not uncommon for small business owners to go for years without ever needing a business account and, therefore, have no idea how to go about. There are several advantages to opening a separate business account such as being able to track spending and making tax reporting easier. It is not difficult to open your own account. Once you have a bank account for your business, you can then enjoy the benefits the account has to offer.

The first thing you need to do to open business bank account is get a business certificate. This is usually done through the licensing department of your local county government. If you call your business something other than your name, then you will need a DBA certificate which indicates that you are doing business as another name. Even if your business is called Bob Smiths Landscaping, it is still a good idea to get a DBA. When your company name is different than your business name, it helps your business to sound more legitimate and helps people to see that your business is its own entity.

Once you have your business officially registered and the piece of paper to prove it, then you can head over to the bank to open business bank account. But before you do that, you should spend time talking to different banks to get the best deal. Each bank has its own different way of administering business accounts. A business account will traditionally come with several more features than a personal account such as customized statements. Business accounts will also come with a schedule of fees that will differ from bank to bank. Take the time to find the bank that gives you the best possible deal before you decide on an institution to go with.

Spend some time becoming familiar with the features of your account once you open business bank account. As you get used to how the account works, you will begin to see all of the benefits it has to offer. After a while, you will wonder how you ever ran your business without a separate bank account.

People whose property are in danger of being foreclosed are understandably often on the edge and worrying about what they could still do to avoid what seems to be the inevitable. Of course, it is easy to lose hope during tough times especially for those who have been hearing a lot about Wachovia bank foreclosures. Many of them are wondering what else they could do to avoid losing their homes. Fortunately, there are available options for you as a borrower even as you are facing a possible foreclosure.

What You Can Do

The first thing that you need to do once you get wind of the fact that there might be a foreclosure on your property is to pause and let in some clarity of your mind. Do not let panic set in yet. What most people do not know is that they could actually take some immediate action to get help. Contacting your lender for assistance, clarification and possible solution is highly recommended.

If you are worried that you might not be able to make your payments and fulfill your obligations under your mortgage, you can always contact the number provided in your Wachovia billing. This is the most reasonable option for people who are foreseeing possible difficulties in the months ahead for their mortgage payments but want to avoid having their property join Wachovia bank foreclosures. The good news is that there no workout fees that will be collected from you when you contact the bank. It is just making sure that you know your options once the challenge has began.

Usually, a borrower would look for the loan collections department or even the loss mitigation department. The bank would then redirect you to these departments but you should be prepared to produce all your relevant financial information that can help you convey your message to the bank. Your income data, expenses and other financial information that shows your assets, balance and liabilities will help give the bank an idea on how to proceed with or work out your dilemma.

Wachovia will then assess your situation based on your circumstances. There is no one solution for all borrowers and cases are dealt with according to their own facts. But there are possible solutions that Wachovia can provide you including a short-term relief or a loan modification in case where there is a longer-term financial difficulty.

And you do not have to worry about calling Wachovia and finding unresponsive people on the other end. They actually have trained people who handle calls relating to Wachovia bank foreclosures and generally, they offer three possible solutions. First, you can increase your monthly payments for a specific period to cover any missed payment. You may also choose to put your missed payments at the end of your mortgage. And finally, you may want to altogether modify your loan to accommodate your present and pressing needs.

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

Many of us erroneously believe that our Fate is set in stone. However, Grand Masters Sumant Kaul and Sumeet Kaul believe our future can be reframed as per our wish. Grand Masters Sumant and Sumeet Kaul, Ambassadors and Representatives of Theta Healing in India and the United Arab Emirates, have created a life-changing and profound Love and Wealth Ultimate Life Breakthrough Seminar Course and Karma Kundalini Yog – a step-by-step sureshot technique to discovering one’s true potential. Here are some insights from the Kauls’ Miraculous Life BreakThrough Course: Why do people have money problems? When people chase money, money runs away from them. Therefore, they must attract money. But money may not be in their karma. In that case, they need to attract it by using special techniques which we teach. The amount of wealth that you have is truly equal to how much value you have provided to the world and how much you care about the world.Your unconscious mind may be blocking you from money and you may not even know about it.We have film stars ,businessmen with failed projects coming to us and realising how their Beliefs and their mind was sabotaging them. Why do people have relationship problems? Why are they unable to find love? If you observe people who have failed in relationships or been divorced, it is seen that in the maximum number of cases, they fail again in new relationships or get divorced again. This is because even when they do not want the same partner as before, they still manage to attract the same type of person into their lives and therefore, get divorced once again. Alternatively, they continue in an unhappy marriage due to the social stigma attached to a divorce in India. This is pure karma of suffering and sacrificing in life. The person thus must work upon his/her negative beliefs. Why do people have health problems? Most health problems are caused by emotional pain. Accidents happen to those who are rebellious, angry and frustrated, or those who do many things in very less time. Critical and judgmental people develop stomach problems and joint aches. People lacking love or suffering from guilty love, develop spine problems. People with cancer have hidden feelings of hate, while people with heart problems have known betrayal. Is there a solution to these problems? Not only is there a solution to these problems, it is also child’s play after one has learnt the right technique which renowned teacher and healer Mr.Kaul teaches Find a course near you: Past Life and Spiritual Regression Foundation and Intermediate Course – 10-12th Jan 2014 Karma Kundalini Healing Foundation and Intermediate Course – 24-26th Jan 2014

Hotel Suryaa [Formerly Sofitel Suryaa ,New Friends Colony ,New Delhi

Visit: , or mail at sumant.; call Neeta Kaul 00-91-9582692321, 91-9891371212 , 0-11-41437521,40573217, or visit E-129, Greater Kailash-Part 3, New Delhi 110048.

The majority of Banking institutions Proceed to 30-year Traditional Amortizations

BMO, Laurentian Financial institution , Scotiabank as well as TD possess just about all verified which , efficient 3-18-11 , they’ll limit each high-ratio as well as low-ratio home loans in order to 30-year optimum amortizations (even although the government’s brand new guidelines just need which high-ratio amortizations end up being limited by thirty years).

CIBC as well as ENT Immediate haven’t released the consensus however .

For RBC, this as well states , “We haven’t created your final choice upon regardless of whether all of us will offer you 35-year amortizations upon traditional home loans . ”

Unofficial resources inside RBC possess informed all of us these people believe it might permit 35-year amortizations upon traditional home loans , however that’s unconfirmed. In the event that RBC do , this wouldn’t shock all of us . This currently has got the the majority of generous certification price from the Large 6 upon traditional home loans .

The BMO spokesperson informed all of us , “We assistance your decision (to reduce amortizations) in order to decrease personal debt . ” Other banking institutions tend to be toeing exactly the same collection .

Once the federal government final reduce high-ratio amortizations through forty in order to thirty-five many years within Oct 08 , banking institutions used the low restrict in order to traditional amortizations after that too . Therefore , their own conservativeness this time around isn’t any shock .

Not many perfect loan companies held 40-year amortization following Oct 08 . Merix Monetary had been one of these . Luckily , Merix states it will likewise maintain 40-year traditional amortizations following the 03 eighteen modifications . That’s wonderful information with regard to accountable customers who desire much more repayment versatility . It’s additionally good to determine the loan provider which has complete self-confidence within it’s underwriting.

As soon as recognized term is actually displayed through CIBC, ENT as well as RBC, we’ll publish this right here.
Please visit our site amortization calculation To use our Free Mortgage Tools

Are You An Entrepreneur Or A Salesman?

What I mean by this, everyday, I open my PC and see my screen filled with nonsensical garbage, to put it politely…These wannabies coming online are only thinking of themselves. A true lack of discipline or just not caring about the customer.

True Entrepreneurs provide the customers with satisfaction in meeting their need in a niche. But today it seems like everyone coming online have only one thing in mind—“Get Rich Quick” with no regard to the customers who are the bloodline of their business.

Here’s an example of a true Entrepreneur— Donald Trump see’s A prosperous venture and he begins his quest by promoting his idea to potential clients who will not only become a partner but will also fund this project. This Business is called leveraging and is very effective if utilized properly— In the end— everyone is happy and satisfied…The customer gets what they want and the business partners make HUGE earning from their funding strategies and Donald Trump becomes another billionaire.

An Entrepreneur sees a need that needs to be met and he meets it. There reward is a satisfied customer and a new friend. Business is established by your social ability to sell yourself not a niche. Sell yourself and your customers will take care of you forever.

Who would you rather do business with, someone who is always trying to stick a product in your face or someone who is giving you good content? I would venture to say the later.

Give your subscriber a free offer in the niche you are promoting and they will see you are trying to meet their need and sometimes they will let you know what they are in the market for. Once you gain their confidence and trust they will buy anything you promote because they trust you. That’s the difference between an Entrepreneur and a salesmen.

Remember, Marketing is a Business not a Casino…There’s no jackpots— just you!

Thinking of food all the time? So now make it your business!

Food joints are loved by all and have an ever rising demand if quality is not compromised. You may choose to start up with a couple of offerings like beverages and snacks and later on tread into being a bakery and concessionary shop.

Perhaps the easiest of all food joint-offerings is beverages. Scores of soft drink concentrates are available to choose from. From refreshing lemon to tangy orange these soft drink concentrates can be mixed with water or plain soda and served chilled. Invigorating roasted cumin concentrate is a delight in the scorching summers. Fruit flavored soft drinks garnished well not only quench the thirsty throat but also sooth the sore eyes. All you have to do is mix them up in the right quality and serve!

Instant fruit drink powder is a wonderful piece in your kitchen. Blend it with seasonal fruits or canned fruits, garnish it well and serve to quench the thirst of your clients. Canned fruit pulp is another option for beverage. Add the right amount of water or milk and you have a thick shake to serve. If the location of your food joint is blessed with plenty of seasonal fruits then serving fresh juices would prove to be more cost effective. Having the fruit juice extraction machine in an open space where the clients can see their glass being filled will be admired by them. This will demonstrate them of your hygiene standards and quality.

Flavored milk shakes are another popular offering at food joints. Chocolate and strawberry are the most common ones. You can try lots of new flavors by adding flavoring agents. Throw in some crushed nuts, fruit pieces or chocolate chunks to make new milk shake flavor each month.

Beverages are best served with crunchy wafers or biscuits. Bake them in-house or order them from a supplier simply make sure they are fresh. A platter of assorted biscuits coupled with a tasteful strawberry shake is the choice over a long conversation.

Jelly can be another interesting offering at your food joint. Just buy some jelly crystals and make jelly of distinctive shapes. Children will surely be fond of these jellies. Also jelly pieces can be mixed with milk shake for a fruity flavor.

You can find suitable vendors for all your requirements at the B2B portals over the internet. Choose your vender wisely and watch your business grow.

URL :

What does it take to become an online entrepreneur you ask? It is not always easy. It takes a serious, burning desire to become an entrepreneur.

I am not kidding either. You need to want this more than anything else. (There are a couple of exceptions to this, but not very many.) >

You need to be willing to focus on the end result, which should be, becoming an online entrepreneur. Will you do whatever needs to be done to accomplish your immediate goal?

To become an internet entrepreneur you must have the ability to ignore all the outside negative words and influences of family and so called friends which are said, not meaning to hurt you, but to in their eyes, keep you from making a fool of yourself or them.

Realize also that most likely, you will have some failures and that these failures will only help you learn.

Becoming an Online entrepreneur also requires the ability to accept that you will probably will be doing the same thing over and over again. After all, that is basically what you will be doing, having financial success doing a certain technique, then repeating it.

Let’s not forget organization and the ability to manage your time. If you are organized, you are more likely to know where everything is, which will in turn, give you more time to work. Time management most likely means that you will have written out a schedule as to when to do everything required for a internet entrepreneur thus saving you even more time.

Becoming an online entrepreneur may sound difficult, but the reward for your stick to it attitude will be more then you could ever imagine. I am very excited to offer you the ability to join me, so read my resource box because it will be worth it.

My name is Samantha Livingston and I am an active member of the millionaire society. Come and join me on my journey to becoming a millionaire online. Just follow me to see how, I guarantee you’ll will be amazed at www.whatismillionairesociety.com

Since the Stone Age, man has always strived to search for new ways to be capable enough to satisfy his needs. As he evolved from being an ape to being one of the present Homo sapiens, his needs have always increased. As inventions grew, requirements grew and ultimately needs. As man evolved from a single man into a family his needs were no more his alone, he had his needs plus the needs of his family. This ever growing graph is still in the growing stage and will always keep growing.

In today’s world the only reason why everyone works and strives hard to earn money is just to satisfy needs which are followed by desires. Basic daily needs to be looked after are hunger, clothing and shelter, and even these become desires when one wishes to change his lifestyle and make it better.

But even in such working class of the society there are a few limitations attached. It’s not that easy to earn enough money which can fulfill and satisfy all the desires of man, and one cannot always stay with one job unless he or she is self employed. Money is not only helpful for satisfying the daily needs but it’s also the only way out in case of an emergency. It is money all the way which helps and gets one out of any trouble.

In the stressful life of each student, an actor, a doctor, finally, around the world, health problems are entertaining easy and difficult to handle. To cope with health problems like you need money to pay salaries. In addition to maintaining a healthy needs to pass on surcharges that could receive and maintain perfect health for a healthy lifestyle.

Earning money may not be that difficult for the major portion of the society, maintaining and utilizing it the right way becomes a big issue. With the ever increasing expenses it becomes tedious to keep a track of where the money is going, and if the money is being invested in the right place.

In order to keep the hard earned money safe, and make sure it’s used for the right thing people turn to many banking firms and sometimes also opt for investing. Reliance Money is one of these companies which provide various benefits related to investments and the security of the deposited money.

Everyone wants to keep his money in trust for the hands and wants the money to go down the drain. To resolve this file has been put in place that do not take your money safe, but sophisticated investment plans that are issued by companies such as Reliance Money is used for this purpose.

In todays crumbling, commercial real estate market, both borrowers and lenders find themselves in quite a precarious predicament. Borrowers struggle to make their commercial mortgage payments, while lenders are crippled by the increasing number of defaults on commercial property. Right now the best solution to this problem is commercial mortgage modification.

Commercial mortgage modification is the process of renegotiating the terms of a commercial loan. This is done typically by reducing the interest rate or monthly payment on the loan. Other benefits to the borrower may include an extension of the loan term, a forbearance or moratorium on payments, and of course an alternative to foreclosure.

A commercial mortgage modification is about risk to the lender. A lender will only consider a modification if a borrower is in default or at risk of defaulting. The most important thing the lender will look at in determining whether or not to modify a commercial note is cash flow. One very important calculation used in determining cash flow is called the DCR or Debt Coverage Ratio. This ratio is used by the underwriters to determine if a modification can be approved. If a property is breaking even, meaning the income generated is equal to the operating expenses, the DCR would be equal to 1. If commercial property has a positive cash flow, meaning the income the property generates is more than sufficient to cover the mortgage payment and all of the operating expenses, the DCR is greater than 1. If the property is losing money, the DCR would be less than 1. A lender will most likely not modify the commercial note, if the property already has a DCR greater than 1. Commercial lenders writing new commercial loans will most likely require a DCR of 1.25 or greater.

The most common form of payment reduction seen in a commercial mortgage modification is when the lender converts a principal and interest payment to an interest only payment. A lender may consider this form of commercial loan modification to help the borrower improve their cash flow. By only paying the interest on the loan, as opposed to principal and interest, the payment becomes more affordable for the borrower.

However, in extreme circumstances, reducing the mortgage payment to interest only is just not enough for a commercial property owner. If a lender sees that the borrower will still have negative cash flow even after reducing the payment to interest only, they may consider a reduction in the interest rate. Although the interest rate reduction may be temporary, it will help the borrower free up capital and maintain the mortgage payment on time. Although uncommon, lenders have lowered interest rates to as low as 1% even, to avoid an even more costly foreclosure.

Have you ever wondered what that 9 figure number is in the bottom left hand side of your bank notes? Plenty of people have this question. As a matter of fact, about 50,000 people search for routing number related terms in search engine listings every month.

The routing number is also described as a transit number or ABA number. It is comprised of a 9 figure code and it is utilized in the United States of America. The individual design of this number is to determine the depository financial institution or financial organization from which the cash referred to on the cheque is to be withdrawn.

With so many banking companies in existence nowadays, this number is very helpful to the depository financial institution taking a deposition of a check in determining where they need to get the money. It was at one time a difficult undertaking to determine where bank checks were written from. In fact, this difficulty has historically been exploited by criminals to commit fraud against banks.

Therefore, this numerical system was formulated to streamline and clarify the procedure for clearing houses and for banks. This has helped in the reliable transferal of money between banks on behalf of their clients for years now.

This system has even been developed. The serialized number makes it easier for computers to understand and apply the information and as recently as 2004 it has been used to transmit electronic bank checks also known as echecks or EFTs (electronic funds transfer). This started out with the passage of the Check 21 Act which has helped to reduce the reliance on paper bank checks by making it allowable to make digital copies of bank checks.

This handy number system dates all the way back to 1910 when the American Bankers Association (ABA) organised it to help interbank relations. It has been used ever since to help the banking industry to work smoothly.

Can you envisage trying to keep track of over 26 thousand different banking companies that issue bank checks? As a banker you would be overcome with work trying to determine where to get your money! This is precisely the problem that the ABA has successfully helped to solve since 1910.

About 26,895 routing numbers are actively put to use in the United States of America today. This is because every financial organization must have one by law. That means that every depository financial institution is required to have an ABA number assigned to them before they open their doors.

The cheque routing number is an important development in the story of banking. It has served to improve the efficiency of banks. It has assisted in improving the security of banks. It has even helped improve the manner in which we transfer money around the net.

Learn more about the check routing number system.

Frustrated borrowers stuck with the risky and unaffordable Pay Option ARM loans may be getting a break on their applications for a Wachovia loan modification. The recent final approval for the purchase of Wachovia by Wells Fargo Bank may open the door for a more aggressive loan modification program for homeowners facing default on their mortgage loans. Prior to the announcement of the purchase, Wachovia had implemented a beneficial loan workout program that offered their clients a low, step rate loan modification to help them avoid foreclosure and stay in their homes.

However, during the finalization of the Wells Fargo take over, borrowers experienced an extremely uncooperative response when applying for a Wachovia loan modification. The previous program was discontinued, and borrowers were routinely told that Wachovia was not offering any type of loan modification program to needy borrowers. The most a homeowner could hope for was a payment deferral or repayment plan. These two options are short term solutions at best, and not beneficial to the majority of borrowers as a long term solution.

Now that shareholders have given the final approval for the buy out, predictions are that a more aggressive Wachovia loan modification program will be implemented to quickly resolve the high default rate on Pay Option ARM loans written for the majority of Wachovia customers. Wells Fargo $12.7 billion acquisition faces immediate stress as home foreclosures keep rising and unemployment forecasts paint a dim, and lengthy recession threat.

Wells Fargo now owns $482.4 billion dollars in a loan portfolio that will produce $60 billion in losses over the next three years, and about 60% of that will come from the Pay Option Arm mortgages. That is a big incentive to find a cost effective, far reaching and streamlined Wachovia loan modification program to help the lender get those bad loans off their books. Homeowners who have been facing a brick wall may now find that they will have the opportunity to obtain a loan workout to avoid foreclosure and stay in their home.

Borrowers trying to get a Wachovia loan modification will have to be patient and persistent for now. There is no time line in place yet, however homeowners who are actively pursuing a loan workout with Wachovia should stay the course and work within the current system so that they will be in position to move forward as soon as any new program is implemented. Wells Fargo will have to make some tough decisions on how to best write down these loans, but borrowers could see a real benefit as the lender moves forward to clean up the mess they inherited.

Blogging has been around for a few years now. Most people use blogs to record their thoughts and lives, while the select few use them as a free way to make a fortune. One guy who uses this to his advantage is Rob Benwell. In 2006 he dished the dirt on the tips and tricks to making a fortune using blogging. But as time passes the old systems become obsolete and new techniques are required. This is where his brand new, fresh off the press Blogging to the Bank 3.0 system comes into play.

For those who know who Rob Benwell like me, you’ve probably made a killing using blogs.

For those who don’t, here’s the story:

Back in 2005 he was struggling to make any profit online, had dropped out of college and was getting deep into debt. He was trying all the techniques the gurus tell you and wasn’t getting anywhere fast. All of that went in the bin and he started using his own techniques and started making more and more money using simple blogs. In early 2006 he shared this with the world and had a great ebook called blogging to the bank. Tons of people got rich from using these techniques (including me). He then spoke at Online Marketing Legend Yanik Silver’s underground Seminar where he revealed even more of his underground strategies. Then July 2007 he released Blogging to the Bank 2.0 which showed users his new methods to creating online wealth using blogs. In total both versions have been read by over 50,000 people across the world. But as I said earlier, the techniques used in these ebooks are now showing there age. Some of them are not even working in the slightest! This is where blogging to the bank 3.0 comes into play.

It’s full of great new techniques that work online right now! Everything’s explained in plain English with all the fluff cut out. I got hold of an advanced copy of the book for a much higher price than what it actually sells for and it has been worth every single cent! I got it in the afternoon and by the evening I was creating new profitable blogs. Within a couple of hours of them being active I had made a nice little profit. Blogging To The Bank 3.0 teaches you Robs new step by step blueprint to creating highly profitable long term niche blogs using the newest optimization techniques. There’s even a section on advanced Search Engine Optimization. Most people think SEO is difficult but Rob explains this nice and simply so even the blogging newbie will understand it. Blogging To The Bank 3.0 is a breath of fresh air and I highly recommend it to anyone wanting to make easy money online. Click below for more information about this system

Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.”>Homeowners hoping to get a loan modification with Countrywide may want to rethink their options. Countrywide Financial, best known for excessive lending practices that led to widespread defaults, now has so much bad debt on its books that it may have to tighten up its loan modification service.

Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.

One of my favorite things to buy and sell is vintage tobacco pipes. I’ve found it to be very easy to visit different flea markets, yard sales, auctions, and thrift stores and find great deals on vintage pipes.

Your key to success is education. You have to know what you are looking for. Like any type of collectible item, the most important thing to look for is (1) maker’s name, (2) rarity, (3) age, and (4) condition. We will cover each of these in more detail below:

1) Maker’s Name: Some of the more popular tobacco pipe manufacturers include Dunhill, Anne Julie, Teddy Knudsen, Tiffany and more. You also want to keep any eye open for meerschaum pipes. Typically, pipes made by an individual are more desirable than pipes that are mass produced.

2) Rarity: Obviously, the rare pipes are worth more than the common pipes.

3) Age: Typically, older pipes are worth more than newer pipes. There are a few exceptions to this rule, but this is the norm.

4) Condition: Condition is everything. People want the oldest, best and rarest, and they want it in mint condition.

If you are just getting started buying and selling pipes, the best thing you can do is visit your local libarary or bookstore, and get a few reference books. This will help you familiarize with the different types and makes of pipes. Another good option is to visit eBay and search the completed listings to find out which pipes bring the most money.

You will be pleasantly surprised to find that some pipes sell for several thousand dollars or more. And many other vintage pipes sell for several hundred dollars.

Once you’ve reviewed your reference books and eBay, you should start visiting local auctions, yard sales and flea markets and search for pipes. If you see a pipe that catches your eye, check it out.

My general rule of thumb is I never spend more than $5-$10 for a pipe that I don’t know it’s value. When I evaluate a pipe, I use the four criteria mentioned above. Typically, I trust my intuition. If I think a pipe has good potential, I buy it.

In conclusion, buying and selling pipes is a great way to make some extra money. You can get started by studying the different types of pipes and pipe makers. Once you learn the ropes, you can visit flea markets, yard sales and auctions and search for treasure. You will be surprised at what you can find.

To learn more about buying and selling vintage estate pipes visit our Treasure Hunter Community website.